About the NIN
- An effective biometric identity system requires that all individuals have a unique number associated with their fingerprint.
- The logical approach is to create a unique number to associate with the fingerprint that incorporates vital security/population information.
- This unique number is typically called a National Identification Number.
History of the NIN in Gambia
- Technical Committee for the NIN formed in 2004 to propose a National Identification Number for The Gambia.
- Committee was under the supervision of the Vice President’s Office.
- Committee submitted draft proposal in September 2005 that proposed a 16 digit National Identification Number.
- Forward movement on NIN was delayed after draft proposal submission.
- Recently, the Peace Corps assigned volunteers to provide consultative advice on the NIN structure/implementation.
- Pristine Consulting reviewed the historical information regarding the NIN in Gambia and recommended a structure that was approved at the cabinet-level and is currently being issued.
- Pristine studied NIN task force structural recommendations and worked with Peace Corps volunteers to understand history of NIN in Gambia.
- Performed extensive benchmarking research on NIN implementations.
- Defined methodology and studied population statistics.
- Presented findings to NIN stakeholders and GAMBIS project task force for ongoing formative evaluation.
- Statistical Validity – The number should be valid as The Gambia grows.
- Easy to Remember.
- Controllability – Security forces should be able to recognize the validity of the NIN by looking at the individual and/or asking simple questions of the card holder.